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    What is Axiology? Meaning, Types & everything more!


    Table of Contents:

    1. Introduction
    2. What is Axiology?
    3. Subdivisions of Axiology
    4. Difference between Axiology and Ethics
    5. Significance of Axiology
      1. Some examples of Axiology
    6. The importance of Axiology in education
    7. The importance of Axiology in philosophy
    8. Conclusion


    Coming straight to the point, axiology is a branch of philosophy derived from the Greek language Axios, which means worth or value of something and logos signifies the logic or thesis. The study of axiology is concerned with categorising things as good and how good they are. To put it briefly, the theory of axiology summarises the worth of something or its goodness.

    The concept of axiology delves into the essence of value and the metaphysical aspects. The theory works on comprehending nature and arguing about what is actually valued. The conceptualisation directly involves the objectives of the research. Before getting into some meaningful insights, let’s run through the basics.

    What is Axiology?

    The term axiology was first used by Paul Lapie in 1902 and Eduard von Hartmann in 1908. It is closely connected with the philosophical fields that significantly rely on the notion of value, like the philosophy of religion, ethics and aesthetics.

    The research field refers to the fact-finding objective. It mainly accounts for what is valued in research. The study sheds light on whether one explicates, predicts, or only tries to understand it. Axiological issues are connected with epistemological and ontological conjecture. Knowing the hidden reality is the art of philosophy with four major branches – metaphysics, epistemology, logic and axiology. The hindmost is divided into categories – ethics and aesthetics. In a narrow sense, the former is the examination of personal values and morals in social conduct. And the latter is the scrutiny of beauty and harmony.

    Subdivision of axiology.

    Subdivisions of Axiology:

    `As stated above, the study of axiology philosophy involves two values.

    1. Ethics

    Also known as moral philosophy, ethics involves methodizing, safeguarding and putting forward the concept of right and wrong conduct. In a brief sense, ethics studies righteous behaviour in humans and how one should act. In the philosophical field of axiology, ethics is a complement to it.

    Philosophers have divided ethical theories into four areas.

    • Meta-Ethics:

      It signals the theoretical meaning and reference of moral propositions. Meta-ethics also determine the truth values. It looks closely at the implication of ethical principles. 

    • Normative Ethics:

      It concerns the practical means of deciding a moral course of action. A brief judgement and criteria of right and wrong.

    • Applied Ethics:

      It establishes the process of achieving moral outcomes in specific situations. It broadly looks at what a person is permitted in a particular domain.

    • Descriptive Ethics:

      It is also recognized as comparative ethics. It determines people’s beliefs about morality.

    The importance of ethics:

    The framework of ethics is underlying at different levels.

    At an individual level:

    • It helps in decision-making by giving a personal sense of right and wrong.
    • It helps people immensely by gaining the trust of their associates.

    At a company level:

    • Helps businesses in determining their behaviour.
    • Ethics study a company’s conduct in determining the appropriate behaviour of people. 
    • With moral ethics, a business can gain the trust of suppliers and consumers.

    At a professional level:

    Ethics contours roles, responsibilities, rules, values and standards at a professional level.

    • Aesthetics

    The branch of philosophy rightly deals with beauty, art and taste. It is scientifically defined as the critical reflection on art, nature and culture. The theory states the study of sensory or sensory-emotional values, sometimes referred to as judgement of taste and sentiments. Most people are concerned with ethical judgements, however, philosophers are inquisitive on explicating the nature of the judgement.

    The word aesthetics is derived from the Greek ‘aisthetikos’, which means a sense of perception. This concept of axiology is devoted to defining different aspects without objectifying them. With aesthetical sensibility, a creative man’s relation to reality is met. The evolution in science is seen by drawing the sources of inspiration within philosophy. The subject of aesthetics axiology matured further while progressing.

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    Difference between Axiology and Ethics

    Often a point of confusion, here is the difference between axiology and ethics.

    It is the philosophical study of value. Ethics is the philosophical study of moral principles.
    It concerns esthetics, aesthetics and values. It concerns the right conduct.
    It is mainly concerned with ethics and aesthetics Aesthetics is not a concern
    It is classified into sub-fields, ethics is a major one. It has four major branches – meta, normative, applied and descriptive.


    Significance of Axiology

    • Axiology in physiology deals with multiple aspects and has also given meaning to terms like value, ethical value, moral value, aesthetical value, worth, behavioural value and evaluation.
    • It defines the quality of a valuable subject, ethics, aesthetics and morality.
    • The unification of logic, morals, economics and aesthetics has been contemplated in relative isolation.
    • The implication of axiology also involves asking dominant questions and finding suitable and logical answers.

    Some examples of Axiology:

    • What principles should one live by?
    • What are the desirable values?
    • Is morality defined by what we speak or feel?
    • What is the blueprint of family values?
    • What is true beauty?
    • What is immoral and moral?

    The importance of Axiology in Education

    Axiology is important in many fields of life. Speaking of education, axiology can enhance the information quality put forward to students and also help them with the power of learning and understanding. The basic fundamental of axiology aims at discovering detailed information. It works on improving the teaching, thereby benefiting the students. Another beautiful advantage of axiology is to increase the thrust in learners. 

    The importance of Axiology in Philosophy

    In the field of philosophy, axiology works on the nature of value. An axiologist studies the value in general and concentrates deeply on more findings. With the implication of axiology in philosophy, one can discern what is valuable, advantageous, desirable and be familiar with the top-most moral values. In a snippet, axiology intends to value everything.

    One Last Thought:

    Summing up everything, you can rightly conclude that the concept of axiology intricately studies human values that motivate human behaviour to bring out meaning in human life. The theory of axiology is a philosophical study of knowing the worth of something. Science studies the school of thoughts of a human creative mind.

    Gain extensive knowledge of Axiology with the Interactive Technology course at Atria University. Once you enrol with us, you will have the opportunity to leverage the best technology by working on the signature project. Our students master the understanding of the social science domain and elevate their analytical abilities. The program is a distinctive combination of Computer Science, Design Thinking & Research Methodologies grounded in a foundation of ethics.


    Atria Admissions Team

    July 21, 2022

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